Srisailam Sanctuary

General Information
Total Area 3568 sq. km.
Best time to visit July - October.
Accommodation Hotel & Restaurants.
Nearest Town Macherla (29 km).
How to get there Train: Hydrabad (150 km), Air: Hydrabad (150).
Species found Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Hyena hare, black buck.

The largest of India's Tiger Reserves, the Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam Sanctuary lies in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The major attractions of this sanctuary are Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Hyena.

The Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam sanctuary is located in Guntur, Prakasam, Kurnool, Mahaboobnagar and Nalgonda districts, at a distance of 29-km from Macherla and about 150-km from Hyderabad. It spans about 3568-sq-kms in area.

The sanctuary is surrounded by the Nallamalai hills on the southern and eastern sides, while the Krishna River forms the boundary on the other side. The sanctuary is named after the Nagarjunasagar reservoir, formed by a large dam in the northeastern part. The central and western parts of the sanctuary consist of a plateau, representing one of the oldest geological formations, known as "Archaean" and dating back some 2,000 million years.
The Flora And Fauna
Dry deciduous mixed forest with scrub and bamboo thickets provide shelter to a wide range of animals. The terrain is rugged and winding gorges slice through the Nallamalai hills. Spotted Deers, Mouse Deers, Black Bucks, Sambhars, Chousingha Nilgai, Wild Boars, Indian Giant Squirrels, Tree Shrews, Rayels, Mugger Crocodiles, Wild Dogs, Jackals, Wolves, Foxes, Sloth Bear, Panthers and Tigers are the animal attractions of this sanctuary.

In this forest the tiger is truly nocturnal and is rarely seen. The reserve was home to about 100 tigers at the beginning of this decade. However, according to a census conducted in 1997, the tiger population has fallen steeply to about 20.